BANDAR AMANJAYA: AQUEOUS CULTURE

PARK
Client: Koperasi Tunas Muda
Location: Sungai Petani, Kedah, Malaysia
Design Period: 2016 – 2017
Site Area: 173.35 Acres

MALAYSIA LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE AWARDS 2017 – HONOUR AWARDS 
• Bandar Amanjaya: Aqueous Culture (Landscape Analysis & Study Awards – Professional category: Honour)
IFLA-AAPME AWARDS 2018 
• Aqueous Culture (Honorable Mention in Analysis & Master Planning category)
 
 

The development covering 173.35 acres township with the master plan envisions an urban landscape that will be experientially rich and simultaneously more sustainable, versatile and functional. 

Bandar Amanjaya is the largest township in Sungai Petani, Kedah. It is in the northwestern part of Peninsular Malaysia. While strategically located next to the (NSE) North-South Expressway, it is conveniently accessible via the (BKE) Butterworth-Kulim Expressway from Kulim and Kuala Ketil and the Sungai Petani Utara toll exit as well. Bandar Amanjaya is approximately 173.35 acres, with a 10% provision of landscape area that is about 17.26 acres of the total development.

SITE ANALYSIS – MACRO ANALYSIS
The findings of the analysis were the site falls on a secondary forest surrounded by agricultural land and urban green area. The Sungai Lalang River is the nearest blue network that flows into the Sungai Merbok River and discharges through Kuala Muda towards the Straits of Malacca. The site nestled within an expanding urban area with a total population of 443,458 in 2010. As population growth and expanding urban development continues, it is increasingly important to conserve recreational community park.

The Macro Analysis data collection was within 15 km from the site to understand the context of the neighbourhood.

SITE ANALYSIS – MICRO ANALYSIS

The Micro Analysis data collection was within the boundary of the site to understand its context. The main criteria for data analysis were landform, hydrology, existing vegetation and fauna. While data analysis technique used was layer mapping.

DESIGN CONCEPT: BETA SPLENDENS = AQUEOUS CULTURE
The Macro and Micro Analysis recognize local lifestyle as an inspiration for the design concept. The analysis leads to the synthesis that the natural setting is a watery place, a natural habitat for the local native fish: Betta splendens. The betta fish is also known as fighting fish by the local villagers, having significance to local lifestyles and represents the importance of water and cultural interaction throughout the idea of Aqueous Culture.

DESIGN PRINCIPLES & METHODOLOGY
The core design principle consists of the program, connection, water and vista. It focuses on community activities, facilities and sustainability of social health and relationship. 

LANDSCAPE MASTER PLAN
The landscape master plan sets to be adaptable to tropical weather, enhancing and regenerating community hub and recreational landscape, ‘Resilience by Design’, setting out a sustainable wetland and forest ecosystem for the community to explore and enjoy. It is divided into three main areas: Community Garden, Betta Park and Town Centre. The space planning is functional and user-oriented.

COMMUNITY PARK
The Community Park is a housing area with recreational facilities that encourage human-nature interaction, while ‘Kampung’ communities adoption for new urban development enhances social sustainability, interaction and relationship. Implementing a rain garden and bioswales system will resolve the production of Aedes mosquitoes and reduce the island heat effect.

BETTA PARK
Betta Park is the green lung of the development at the lowest landform consists of a wetland, a recreation lake and a space-oriented public open area. The implementation of forest ecosystems and wetlands will resolve the flooding and urban heat island issues.

TOWN CENTRE
The Town Centre specially designed for group activities, social support, public information and other purposes.

DESIGN IMPLEMENTATION – STORMWATER MANAGEMENT, WETLAND ECOSYSTEM & INTERCONNECTED PATHWAY                                     

IMPLEMENTATION OF URBAN STORMWATER MANAGEMENT 
The system combines infiltration, delayed flow, storage and purification as pre-treatment of stormwater before discharging to wetlands. The concept of a bio-ecological drainage system ‘BIOECODS’ integrates Ecological Ponds ‘ECOPONDS’ to treat stormwater runoff.

BIOMIMICRY STRATEGY 

BIOMIMICRY – LANDSCAPE PLANTING STRATEGY

CONCLUSION
Design principles and methodology cover the early implementation phase of the Aqueous Culture landscape approach. It will establish well over time and finally spreads out new habitats and lifestyles that are authentic and unique to this development. It did not just resolve the issues of urban water management but also the cultural relationships between humans and nature.

Although this project development is on a small scale, the early planning of urban water management to restore degraded ecosystems delivers multiple ecosystem services that have a significant impact, potentially be one of the most biodiversity habitats for the local people and native wildlife. It serves as an exemplar of a native aquatic wildlife corridor connecting the wildlife population in the Sungai Petani region. But it could even be farther and broader in the long term.